BEVIN, ERNEST°


BEVIN, ERNEST°
BEVIN, ERNEST° (1881–1951), British trade union leader and statesman. He was a member of the British War Cabinet in World War II (1941–45), and foreign secretary in the Labor government (1945–50) when Palestine was transferred de facto from the aegis of the Colonial Office to that of the Foreign Office. Bevin's Palestine policy was based on two premises: first, he felt that since the vast majority of the Middle East population was Arab, nothing should be done against their will, lest this set the Arab world against Great Britain and the West in their global struggle with the U.S.S.R. and Communism; second, he believed that Palestine could not essentially solve the Jewish problem as Jews should continue residing in Europe and contributing to its welfare. Rather than impose a Jewish state on the Arabs, he desired some kind of settlement between Jews and Arabs. In an attempt to obtain U.S. government approval for his Palestine policy, Bevin proposed appointing an Anglo-American commission whose task would be to plan a solution to the Palestine question. In the summer of 1946 he rejected the committee's proposals for the immediate admission of 100,000 Jewish refugees from Europe and the annulment of the provisos in the Macdonald White Paper restricting the acquisition of land by Jews. As a result, the situation in Palestine deteriorated, and Bevin began applying severe repressive measures against the yishuv. Leading members of the Jewish Agency and the Va'ad Le'ummi were arrested, "illegal" immigrants were deported to detention camps in Cyprus, and the Exodus, bearing 4,500 such immigrants, was shipped back to Germany. At the same time, Bevin proposed other ways of solving the problem. One of these was the cantonization of Palestine, better known as the Morrison Scheme, which allocated about 17% of the country to the Jews; another was the Bevin Plan to give the British government a five-year trusteeship over Palestine with the declared object of preparing the country for independence. On Feb. 15, 1947, after both plans had been rejected by Jews and Arabs, Bevin announced that he was referring the entire matter to the United Nations. As a result, the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) was appointed and, on Nov. 29, 1947, the UN voted to divide Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab State. Bevin gradually became reconciled to the idea of a Jewish state; in January 1949, eight months after the proclamation of the State of Israel, he granted it de facto recognition. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. Williams, Ernest Bevin (Eng., 1952); J.C. Hurewitz, The Struggle for Palestine (1950); R.H.S. Crossman, A Nation Reborn (1960), ch. 2; idem, Palestine Mission (1946); B.C. Crum, Behind the Silken Curtain (1947); Jewish Agency, The Jewish Plan for Palestine (1947). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Bullock, Ernest Bevin: Foreign Secretary (1984); ODNB online. (Moshe Rosetti)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bevin, Ernest — born March 9, 1881, Winsford, Somerset, Eng. died April 14, 1951, London British labour leader and statesman. Active in labour organizations from 1905, he became head of the Dockers Union. In 1921 he merged several unions into the Transport and… …   Universalium

  • Bevin, Ernest — (1881–1951)    British labour leader and foreign secretary. The son of a farmhand, Bevin rose through the ranks of the trade union movement and became the powerful leader of the Transport and General Workers Union, the largest in Britain. In… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Bevin, Ernest — 1881–1951    Bevin was a British Labour Party politician who served as Minister of Labor and National Service in CHURCHILL’s War cabinet. An Emergency Powers Act was passed in 1940 which gave Bevin dictatorial powers to help mobilize manpower. He …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Bevin, Ernest — ► (1881 1951) Político socialista británico. Obrero portuario en un principio, organizó el poderoso Sindicato del Transporte y presidió la Confederación Británica del Trabajo (1936 37). * * * (9 mar. 1881, Winsford, Somerset, Inglaterra–14 abr.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bevin,Ernest — Bev·in (bĕvʹĭn), Ernest. 1884 1951. British labor leader and politician who served as minister of labor (1940 1945) and foreign minister (1945 1951) and was instrumental in postwar diplomacy, notably the NATO treaty of 1949. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bevin — Bevin, Ernest …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ernest Bevin — (* 9. März 1881 in Winsford[1], Somerset; † 14. April 1951 in London) war ein britischer Gewerkschaftsführer und Politiker (Labour Party). Er war Arbeitsminister von 1940 bis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernest Bevin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ernest Bevin …   Wikipedia Español

  • BEVIN (E.) — BEVIN ERNEST (1881 1951) Né à Winsford, dans le Somerset, fils d’un journalier, Ernest Bevin assure sa formation lui même et devient militant syndicaliste. En 1910, il est placé à la tête du Syndicat des dockers, puis il fonde le Syndicat des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ernest Bevin — noun British labor leader and statesman who played an important role in diplomacy after World War II (1884 1951) • Syn: ↑Bevin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader * * * Ernest Bevin …   Useful english dictionary


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